There are nations that do not only receive large numbers of capital as offshore centers and their normative benevolence towards tax practices.
Most of them, in addition, save the military bill.
TRICK: Receive our latest content in join our newsletter. Do not miss news that matters in Costa Rica. Click here.
They have no armed forces. Although their national security is guaranteed by great superpowers.
Certain nations of the planet enjoy a double advantage.
Through the income attracting huge amounts of capital they receive in their territorial jurisdictions attracted by the low taxation of their regulatory laws. But also on the expenditure side. Because most of these territories, which have the highest per capita income levels on the planet.
Sometimes in large emerging markets they don’t spend refunds on their military games. They survive without armed forces.
They don’t seem to need it either; the superpowers take care of it. They take responsibility for your safety in the event of danger to their national defenses. Or, in some cases, jurisdictional, to be more exact.
These are the 31 countries or territories without military forces:
1. Andorra. The Pyrenean mini-state of only 85,000 inhabitants has its own police, the Cos de Policia d’Andorra, but it is not a military body. The defense of this independent enclave is the responsibility of Spain and France, by proximity.
2. Aruba. This Caribbean island state is a separate and semi-autonomous territory of the Netherlands which in recent years has become a particularly popular destination for tourism. The defense of its 116,000 inhabitants is in charge of its former metropolis and focuses its efforts, essentially, on the fight against organized crime and terrorism.
3. Cayman Islands. Also located in the Caribbean, they belong to the Overseas Territories of the United Kingdom, a nation that offers and administers the defense of its archipelago, just 150 miles south of Cuba. Yet there is a national police force, the Royal Cayman Islands Police Force.
4.- Cook Islands. They take their name from the captain of the British Royal Navy, James Cook. An independent island located in the South Pacific but a Free State associated with New Zealand, the country in charge of its defense, but only at the request and on prior request of the authorities of this island country.
5.- Costa Rica. The Central American nation gave up having its own army in 1949, although its police force usually performs the functions of a military establishment. The so-called Central American Switzerland proclaimed its permanent status as a neutral and unarmed country in 1983. But its protection corresponds to the United States.
6. Curacao. Another Caribbean island and state lacking an army. However, its security is controlled by the Netherlands, which also takes responsibility for the foreign policy of its nearly 150,000 inhabitants. In a referendum in 2009, it was approved that the country should have its own government, albeit within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Dutch Caribbean Coast Guard also provide them with maritime security.
7. Dominica. West Indies Island, member of the Commonwealth, the union of sovereign states which were former British colonies. Under the protection of London. Despite a police force that also acts as a coast guard, the Commonwealth of Dominica Police.
8.- Faroe Islands. Located in the North Atlantic, between the British Isles, Norway and Iceland, they have 51,000 inhabitants. Denmark, on which they depend because of their status as an autonomous territory attached to this European partner, is the one that provides them with defense in the event of an attack. This is done by its Arctic Command, a division of its armed forces.
9.- French Polynesia. In the south of the Pacific Ocean, the best known territory of which is Tahiti. It has approximately 290,000 registered inhabitants. Its security depends on France.
10.- Greenland. The largest island in the North Atlantic is an autonomous territory belonging to Denmark. Closer to North America, the United States has just made the third historic attempt to acquire this territory and integrate it into its federation of states. Since 2008, he has enjoyed wide powers of his own government. In domestic matters. A year later, it approved its Self-Government Act, which recognizes the ability of its citizens to demand the right to self-determination under international law. Copenhagen exercises control over several areas, including foreign affairs and security. The financier too.
11.- Grenada. Island in the West Indies, the Caribbean. Since the American invasion in 1983, the country has lacked military forces. However, they do have a police force, the so-called Royal Grenada Police Force, which acts as a coast guard.
12.- Iceland. Although it is a member of NATO, it does not have a standing army. The Atlantic Alliance is responsible for its defense. Since 2006, all American forces have withdrawn from the country. Reykjavik participates in peacekeeping missions through civilian crisis management units.
13. Kiribati. Independent state since 1979, it is located west of the Pacific Ocean. It has 109,000 inhabitants. The Gilbert Islands are constitutionally prohibited from creating armed forces. Although it has police forces.
14. Liechtenstein. It is the sixth smallest state in the world. It has police forces which cooperate closely with the armies of its neighbors, Austria and Switzerland.
15.- Marshall Islands. After nearly four decades under the American administration, they gained their independence in 1986. However, the United States continues to grant them military protection to guarantee their national defense.
16. Mauritius. The island of the Indian Ocean, with 1.3 million inhabitants, obtained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1968. It has paramilitary units with police status, the Special Mobile Force, in charge of internal security and outside the country.
17.- Micronesia. Most of its territory is made up of the Caroline Islands, which joined other island territories in 1979, ending American rule. The Federation of the States of Micronesia became independent in 1986. Without an army, its security depends on the United States.
18.- Monaco. The second smallest country in the world, with only 31,000 inhabitants, has ceded the security of its city-state to France.
19.- Montserrat. Caribbean island considered a British Overseas Territory since 1783. Repeated volcanic eruptions have forced thousands of residents to leave the country over the past 25 years. Although it has its own police force, it lacks military strength and depends on the UK for its defense.
20.- Nauru. South of the Marshall Islands, it is the smallest republic on the planet. After passing through various sovereignties over the past two centuries, the country was declared a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II. In 1968, he obtained independence. With only 10,000 inhabitants, its defense, via a bilateral agreement, is provided and managed by Australia.
21.- Niue. In the South Pacific, the island has 1,600 inhabitants and is an autonomous territory, albeit freely associated with New Zealand, which is the nation that provides foreign security. He has a police force.
22.- Palau. Located west of the ancient Caroline Islands. The archipelago opposed its unification with the Federation of States of Micronesia in 1978 and immediately declared itself as an independent state. Despite this, it still has a free association agreement with the United States, whose military forces are allowed to station on its territory. Although it never happened. It has a national police force.
23.- Panama. The Central American nation abolished the army in 1990 and created the Panamanian Public Forces. It has police forces, a national aviation service and border surveillance units. Since 1994, the Constitution of Panama has prohibited the creation of a standing army.
24.- Saint Lucia. Island belonging to the Commonwealth of Nations. Without an army, it has a police force and special units and a specific naval unit.
25.- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Caribbean island which gained its independence in 1979 after being subordinated to the United Kingdom. Out of 102,000 inhabitants, they have no army, but have their own police force.
26.- Samoa. First Polynesian nation to gain independence in 1962. It has no defense structure or regular armed forces, but it has police units. His defense is agreed with New Zealand.
27. San Marino. It is not only the oldest republic in the world, but the third smallest country in Europe. This mini-state, geographically inserted in Italy, does not have an army either, although it has voluntary military forces that intervene in official ceremonies and are likely to be used as police forces. In case of emergency, this State reserves the right to ask all San Marino between the ages of 16 and 60 to use weapons. Responsibility for its defense lies with Italy.
28. Saint-Martin (Saint-Martin). Autonomous island in the Caribbean, although it is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. While its northern territory is an overseas enclave of France. Defense is the responsibility of the Netherlands.
29.- Solomon Islands. Independent since 1978, they have a police force. Between 2003 and 2017, he had to receive police and military assistance from some fifteen countries to restore political and civil order after successive waves of violence, which catapulted crime rates to exorbitant limits.
30.- Tuvalu. Since gaining independence in 1978, the Pacific Island – known as Ellice during its period as a British colony -, the fourth smallest country on the planet, with just 11,000 inhabitants, has had a police force, but no military force.
31.- Vanuatu. Until the proclamation of its independence in 1980, it belonged to the New Hebrides, Pacific territories administered by the United Kingdom and France. Its state is made up of 80 islands. Without the Army, it has a police force, a mobility force and a maritime police squadron.
Among all these states, a majority group is included among the various international classifications of tax havens, although these lists are published by alleged economic and tax information exchange agreements to monitor and prosecute possible tax evasion offenses. and money laundering.
The case of Switzerland
Another significant case is that of Switzerland. He has succeeded in being the image of neutrality. Historically. But the supposedly most pacifist nation is the 33rd most powerful army on the planet, according to the Global FirePower 2019 ranking and the country with the most armed population; at the rate of 46 weapons per hundred inhabitants. Almost one inhabitant in two.
In addition to requiring, by law, military training for its citizens aged 20 to 42 years. To men on a compulsory basis and to women on a voluntary basis. A paradox in a State which has never participated in military conflicts, but through which 2 million private weapons are moved in the possession of its 8.3 million inhabitants. In addition to the arsenal of his army.